Did you know there are 3 trillion trees on Earth? They are critical to our health because they absorb carbon dioxide and remove air pollution. Trees also provide shade, a home for wildlife, and beauty.
Yet vegetation around power lines is the No. 1 cause of fires and power outages worldwide.
Effective vegetation management is critical to maintaining sustainable, reliable, and safe electric transmission and distribution. Unfortunately, without the right technology, it’s time-consuming and expensive.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, in the United States, there are 157,000 miles of electric power lines serving more than 131 million customers. With this much to oversee, proper vegetation management is vital.
What is vegetation management?
Vegetation management is the systematic oversight and removal of unwanted vegetation, including branches, trees, bushes, and weeds, around power lines. When vegetation interferes with power lines, it can cause fires and widespread power outages.
Based on Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)’s North American Electric Reliability Corporation’s FAC-003-4 standard, utilities must adhere to minimum requirements for vegetation management to prevent outages, including trimming trees and other vegetation encroaching on power lines. Additionally, they are pruned beyond the minimum clearance distance to allow for swaying in wind and growth. Power lines might also sag due to ice/snow build-up, heat, or high usage, so vegetation management plans must account for this reality.
Every utility develops its vegetation management plan to comply with federal, state, and local regulations in their services areas. FERC drives the electric transmission regulations, and local regulatory entities regulate distribution lines.
Why is vegetation management important?
Outages caused by vegetation aren’t just an inconvenience, they can be dangerous and costly. The largest blackout in U.S. history impacted 50 million people but also cost the American economy an estimated $7 to $10 billion. Proper vegetation management also:
- Ensures reliable electric service
- Prevents negative environmental, economic, and national security issues
- Saves money on fines that can be up to $1 million per day for each outage
- Promotes safety for wildlife and communities
Why manual inspection isn’t enough for vegetation management
Traditionally, vegetation management consisted of manually inspecting vegetation around critical network infrastructure quarterly to determine which vegetation needed to be cut. However, with an electrical grid as expansive as we have today, it’s impossible to catch all trees that need trimming before an incident occurs.
These traditional methods are ineffective and outdated.
Smart, efficient, and cost-effective vegetation management with technology
Vegetation management is one of the biggest expenses for utilities – it’s estimated utilities spend $6-$8 billion a year clearing vegetation from overhead lines. With technology and better insights from data analytics, utilities can reduce risk, increase visibility, and automate actions in their vegetation management programs.
One case study done by T&D World found these results when utilities transitioned from a time-based trimming approach to a risk-based one supported by drones, satellites, LiDAR, AI-driven technology, and big data analytics:
- 51% cost reduction per acre of mechanical trimming
- 30% cost reduction on volume trimming
- 30% reduction of actual trimming work
With 360-degree situational awareness and data-driven insights, utilities have a much more cost-effective vegetation management program. Important data to collect and analyze include:
- Growth patterns of vegetation
- Weather, wind, and precipitation patterns, predictions, and potential impact on vegetation
- Fire risk assessments
Intelfuse is one solution provider that uses geospatial data to enhance the effectiveness of vegetation management programs. Its technology:
- Automates the production of 3D digital twins of vegetation, infrastructure, and asset corridors.
- Applies insights and meta data from years of managing and executing vegetation and asset maintenance programs including growth, health, and detailed cost models.
- Streamlines the creation of trim plans based upon the utility’s preferences.
- Creates detailed vegetation maps and analytics data to ensure each tree is properly identified and trimmed by trimming teams.
- Integrates with Irth Solutions Asset Management to allow for the tracking, management, and completion of trim plans.
- Completes virtual audits after trim plans have been executed to ensure proper clearance was achieved for each project, sending the results back into Irth to notify teams of passed or failed audits.
- Creates full documentation on all trim plans and results to share in the unlikely event of a line strike.
- Works anywhere on the globe.